Ann Thorac Surg 2001;71:S25-S26
© 2001 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons
a The Thoracic Surgery Foundation for Research and Education, Chicago, Illinois, USA
Address reprint requests to Dr Wallace, Thoracic Surgery Foundation for Research and Education, 401 N Michigan Ave, Chicago, IL 60611-4267
Presented at the Women in Thoracic Surgery Symposium, Thirty-sixth Annual Meeting of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons, Fort Lauderdale, FL, Jan 31, 2000.
Women in thoracic surgery have been important in the founding and subsequent development of The Thoracic Surgery Foundation for Research and Education. In 1984, Dr Martin McKneally first proposed the creation of a foundation to support research and education in thoracic surgery. In 1989, the Society of Thoracic Surgeon Education and Research Foundation was established. Because of limited financial support, its programs were minimal. In 1992, Dr Eugene Braunwald, desiring to establish a memorial to his wife, Dr Nina Starr Braunwald, was directed to the Foundation. Dr Braunwald, family, friends, and colleagues of the late Nina Starr Braunwald provided the Foundation with a major gift to establish the Nina Starr Braunwald Memorial Fund. This provided the impetus for support from the four major thoracic surgery organizations: The American Association for Thoracic Surgery (AATS), The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS), The Southern Thoracic Surgery Association (STSA), and The Western Thoracic Surgery Association (WTSA), and The Society of Thoracic Surgeons for Education and Research was reorganized as The Thoracic Surgery Foundation for Research and Education to serve all of thoracic surgery.
Nina Starr Braunwald was not only an outstanding pioneer woman thoracic surgeon, but an outstanding surgeon among all surgeons. Dr Braunwald was born in New York in 1928. She had her undergraduate and medical education at New York University and embarked on her surgical training at Bellevue Hospital. She completed her general surgery training at Georgetown University Medical Center where she also obtained a Master of Science Degree in Surgery, working as a postdoctoral
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