Ann Thorac Surg 1999;67:105-111
© 1999 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons
a Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
Accepted for publication June 22, 1998.
Address reprint requests to Dr Mizuhara, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Rakuwakai Otowa Hospital, 2, Otowachinjicho, Yamashina-ku, Kyoto 607-8062, Japan
Background. Recent investigations have focused on using the latissimus dorsi muscle for cardiac assistance. Although cardiomyoplasty has been applied clinically, other procedures remain experimental, but promising, modes of cardiac assistance. We assessed the latissimus dorsi muscle as an in situ energy source for circulatory assist devices.
Methods. We developed a pneumatic chamber as a compressive-type muscle actuator. The chamber was implanted under the latissimus dorsi muscle and converted contractile power into pneumatic pressure. The effect of chamber position and size and the influence on muscle blood flow were examined. After muscle conditioning, the pump performance of a circulatory assist device driven by the chamber was evaluated.
Results. The chamber functioned better when placed in the proximal position of the latissimus dorsi muscle. The size affected the generated pneumatic pressure, and the higher resting pressure of the chamber reduced the muscle blood flow. The maximum stroke work of the circulatory assist device was greater than that of the right ventricle but less than that of the left ventricle. The chamber could drive the circulatory assist device against the systemic range of afterload in which a high preload was available. Long-term adhesion surrounding the chamber reduced the pressure generation capability.
Conclusions. The compressive-type muscle actuator using the latissimus dorsi muscle generated acceptable hemodynamic work for right ventricular bypass or aortic counterpulsation.
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